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The word rendered "right" is kishron (see on Ecclesiastes 2:21), and means rather "dexterity," "success." wisdom and knowledge and Kishron. Anche questo è vanità e un correr dietro al vento. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. 2. 1999-2014. travail = toil, as connected with trouble, sorrow. It is of course better to be envied than pitied, but still envy with all the hostile and pernicious acts flowing therefrom, and which frequently bring about the ruin of their object, is a great evil, and it is no small consolation for a man who, like Israel at the time, finds himself in an unenviable position, to know that he is not exposed to this torment. All other rights reserved. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". There is also, an oppression that Satan tries to harass us all with. Ecclesiaste 4:4 E ho visto che ogni fatica e ogni buona riuscita nel lavoro provocano invidia dell’uno contro l’altro. Church Pulpit Commentary. The only effect of that would be to ruin ourselves. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/ecclesiastes-4.html. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. This is also vanity, and vexation of spirit; whether it be understood in the one sense or the other; how dissatisfying and vexatious is it, when a man has taken a great deal of pains to do right works for public good, instead of having thanks and praise, is reproached and calumniated for it? Of his neighbour. All this expenditure of strength and art has covetousness and envy, with which one seeks to surpass another, as its poisoned sting. Then I saw all the labor and achievement that is the envy of a man's neighbor. All rights reserved worldwide. 5 Fools fold their hands. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/ecclesiastes-4.html. Denomination: Baptist. (Calmet). BibliographyBeza, Theodore. Every right work ... for this a man is envied - rather (as note, Ecclesiastes 2:21, "equity," prosperity), prosperous. The Graec. Looking with jealous envy on the successful rivals of their struggles, and with scorn on those less fortunate, who are contented with a more modest lot (4–6).—Then follow reflections regarding the happiness of such persons as have risen through the abundance of their goods to a distinguished and influential position in human society, but. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". Is it not as accurate a delineation of our life as it could be of any ancient form of life? 4 1 “For indeed the day 2 is coming, burning like a furnace, and all the arrogant evildoers will be chaff. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? "Then I saw all labor, and every skillful work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbor. The book contains philosophical speeches by a character called '(the) Qoheleth' (="the Teacher"), composed probably between 5th to 2nd century BCE. here and in Ecclesiastes 2:21 by ἀνδρέα, virtus. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". 4:9,10,11,12. And though there is no end to his labor, his eyes are still not content with his wealth: "For whom do I toil and bereave my soul of enjoyment?" (See Note on Ecclesiastes 2:21.). 2 Wherefore I praised the dead which are already dead more than the living which are yet alive. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". IV. Venet., by rendering here and at Ecclesiastes 2:24 כּשׁרון , by καθαρότης , betrays himself as a Jew. For this a man is envied - It is not by injustice and wrong only that men suffer, but through envy also. In order to avoid envy we may not throw ourselves into the arms of inactivity. 1870. 1 To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven:. 6 d Better is a handful of e quietness than two hands full of toil and a striving after wind. ECCLES 4:6 Better is an handful with quietness, than both the hands full with travail and vexation of spirit. The illustration hereby induced of the value of closer social connection of men and harmonious co-operation of their powers to one end (9–12) leads to the closing reflection; this is devoted to the distress and disaster of the highest circles of human society, acknowledging the fate even of the most favoured pets of fortune, such as the occupants of princely or kingly thrones, to be uncertain and liable to a reverse, and thus showing that. Ecclesiastes 4:5. The Biblical Illustrator. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. See Proverbs 27:4. Go to. Again I considered all travail — Hebrew כל עמל, all the labour, toil, or trouble, which men undertake or undergo; and every right work — All the worthy designs of virtuous men; that for this a man is envied of his neighbour — Instead of that honour and recompense which he deserves, he meets with nothing but envy, and obloquy, and many evil fruits thereof. 4 And I saw that all toil and all achievement spring from one person’s envy of another. That for this a man is envied of his neighbour.] Prosperity, which men so much covet, is the very source of provoking oppression (Ecclesiastes 4:1) and "envy," so far is it from constituting the chief good. Read verse in Ostervald (French) - Again, I considered all travail, and every right work. follows the object. Not the same word as in Ecclesiastes 1:13; Ecclesiastes 2:23, Ecclesiastes 2:26; Ecclesiastes 3:10; Ecclesiastes 4:8; Ecclesiastes 5:14. every right work = all the dexterity in work. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". 1685. "E.W. Instead, they are cruel. This [is] also vanity and vexation of spirit. NIV Reverse Interlinear Bible: English to Hebrew and English to Greek. For he comes out of prison to be king, Although he was born poor in his kingdom. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "For this a man is envied of his neighbor", John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Again I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament, I. "The envious man is here exhibited in the attitude of the sluggard (Proverbs 6:10). 2 Therefore I praised the dead who have been long dead more than the living who are yet alive. Ecclesiastes 4 is the fourth chapter of the Book of Ecclesiastes in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. BibliographyGill, John. 3 A time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down, and a time to build up;. 1905-1909. Then I returned, and I saw vanity under the sun. The verb also is frequently used to denote envy or jealousy of advantages. The title “Ecclesiastes” comes from a Greek word indicating a person who calls an assembly, so it makes sense that the author identified himself in Ecclesiastes 1:1 by https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/ecclesiastes-4.html. According to the contrast here drawn pips must refer to the labour, the activity itself, and not to the result. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/ecclesiastes-4.html. BibliographyNicoll, William R. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". Hengstenberg translates skill. Again I looked and saw all the oppression that was taking place under the sun: I saw the tears of the … Here again we find thoughts that are identifiable with Solomon, as in Proverbs 15:16-17; 17:1 and in Proverbs 16:8: ANOTHER WORD ON THE WORTHLESSNESS OF LABOR. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". Now self is not the only issue. The root meaning of the word is “thus pointing to what is hidden in the distant future or in the distant past.”[1] Therefore, in some passages the word refers to something in the distant past or future. In addition, how many of us have inherently linked our personal worth with our economic worth? 1859. Is envied of his neighbour; instead of that honour and recompence which he deserves, he meets with nothing but envy and obloquy, and many evil fruits thereof. I saw all the living who walk under the sun; They were with the second youth who stands in his place. I saw the tears of the oppressed, and there was no one to comfort them.+ And their oppressors had the power, and there was no one to comfort them. Parallel with this is the passage (Ecclesiastes 3) where Job, who had no peace nor repose, and who was disturbed ever afresh, wishes for himself the lot of "an hidden untimely birth," and curses the day of his birth, or where in https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ecclesiastes-4.html. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit. V. The sentence against the vanity of all earthly things necessarily extends even to the greatest and most powerful of earth (13–16). BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. vexation, &c. = feeding on wind. In Isaiah 11:13, קנאת אפרים is the jealousy felt by Ephraim of Judah, who was preferred: in Ecclesiastes 9:6, of this book, envy is conjoined with hatred. 4:9-12 This paragraph speaks of the advantage of companionship. BibliographyDunagan, Mark. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. 7 ¶ Then I returned, and I saw a vanity under the sun. Who doesn’t love a Cinderella story? Another human being changes the equation. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. BibliographyNisbet, James. Peshitta, Targum, and Talmud attribute the authorship of the book to King Solomon. If it be, as I think it is, we have grave need to take the Preacher’s warning. With increased force of expression the author here says that it is better not to have been born at all than to live. So, that’s all so exciting. The coming day will burn them up,” says the Lord who rules over all. The pains that men take to do right works. Companionship and … Then further, the connection with Ecclesiastes 4:5-6 is decisive against this view. Right work — All the worthy designs of virtuous men. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". So the tenth commandment. The margin gives here the true sense, or at least the better, This springs from a man’s jealousy towards his neighbour. This is also vanity. "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". New International Version Update. The illustration hereby induced of the value of closer social connection of men and harmonious co-operation of their powers to one end, V. The sentence against the vanity of all earthly things necessarily extends even to the greatest and most powerful of earth. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/ecclesiastes-4.html. 1871-8. He had never come to the Light. 9 Deux valent mieux qu'un, parce qu'ils retirent un bon salaire de leur travail. This too is vanity and striving after wind.". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". The Ecclesiastes 4: 1 So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of such as were oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors there was power; but they had no comforter. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/ecclesiastes-4.html. The garment of righteousness, parti-coloured with all variety of graces, is a great eyesore to the wicked, and makes the saints maligned. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". Ver. "[7] Also in this second paragraph, a number of illustrations are given to illuminate the real point. Devotion to Business springs from Jealous Competition: (a) Let us glance once more at the several symptoms we have already heard him discuss, and consider whether or not they accord with the results of our own observation and experience, is it true, then-or, rather, is it not true-that our devotion to business is becoming excessive and exhausting, and that this devotion springs mainly from our jealous rivalry and competition with each other? 1 Unusual skill, talent and success seem only to expose a man to envy and ill will from his neighbor. Therefore the encouragement to do good, to act an upright part, is very little. Ecclesiastes 3. It is meant to highlight the futility of human effort apart from God. "These two paragraphs on labor view it from different perspectives; first, from the perspective of envy, and secondly, from the perspective of solitariness. Others, seeing the vexations of an active course, foolishly expect more satisfaction in sloth and idleness. 4. 10 Car, s'ils tombent, l'un relève son compagnon; mais malheur à celui qui est seul et qui tombe, sans avoir un second pour le relever! 4 ¶ Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is a envied of his neighbour. There follow after, the words: "and to a man who has not laboured therein must he give it." This is the same Hebrew term "a second" (BDB 1040) from Eccl. If one be poor, he is in distress; if rich, he is exposed to envy; so that all is vanity. (4) Right work.—Rather, skilful. Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". 4 And I saw that all toil and all achievement spring from one person’s envy of another. 4-6 Solomon notices the sources of trouble peculiar to well-doers, and includes all who labour with diligence, and whose efforts are crowned with success. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". 1832. 4:4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. 1909-1922. "Better is a handful with quietness" (Ecclesiastes 4:6). This is another piece of life’s vanity; that, as greater men will lie heavy upon you and oppress you, so meaner men will be envying at you and oppose you: as Cain did Abel, Saul’s courtiers did David; the peers of Persia, Daniel; the Scribes and Pharisees, our Saviour. 1871-8. Verse 4. Ecclesiastes 4:4. Ecclesiastes 6:4 "For he cometh in with vanity, and departeth in darkness, and his name shall be covered with darkness. " Il vaut mieux ne pas faire de vœu qu’en faire et ne pas s’en acquitter. Even in friendly rivalry this may play a larger part than we think----for we can bear to be outclassed for some of the time and by some people, but not too regularly or too profoundly" (Kidner p. 45). Ecclesiastes 4:4. This is also vanity and b vexation of spirit. For this … - i. e., “This successful work makes the worker an object of envy.” Some understand the meaning to be, “this work is the effect of the rivalry of man with his neighbor.”. When wilt thou arise out of sleep? Envied — Instead of honour, he meets with envy and obloquy. 4:5 The fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh. To lay or fold the hands together is a gesture of laziness. Ecclesiastes 4:4. 5 The fool b folds his hands and c eats his own flesh. and if he does a right thing, and yet has not right ends and views in it, it stands for nothing; it has only the appearance of good, but is not truly so, and yields no solid peace and comfort. Some people work too much. Other people become famous and they have many friends. I believe that many of us have experienced the above. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/ecclesiastes-4.html. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". 11 De même, si deux couchent ensemble, ils auront chaud; mais celui qui est seul, comment aura-t-il chaud? 2:24-26; 3:12,13,22; 5:18; 9:7-9. Read verse in Riveduta 1927 (Italian) For if a man act uprightly and properly in the world, he soon becomes the object of his neighbor's envy and calumny too. : aemulatio qua unus prae altero eminere studet . 4 Again I turned my attention to all the acts of oppression that go on under the sun. that for this a man is envied of his neighbour; who will be sure to find fault with what he has done, speak contemptibly of him and his work, and traduce him among men. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/teb/ecclesiastes-4.html. 5 The a fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh. Ecclesiastes 4:8 There is a man all alone, without even a son or brother. and ruin themselves. 4 A time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance; 15:16,17; 16:8) or quote. This too is meaningless, a chasing after the wind. When men gather grapes from thorns and figs from thistles, then, but not before, we may look to find a satisfying good in "all the toil and all the dexterity in toil" which spring from this "jealous rivalry of the one with the other.". Sowing discord among brethren is an abomination in the eyes of the Lord. 2 But for you who respect my name, the sun of vindication 4 will rise with healing wings, 5 and you will skip about 6 like calves released from the stall. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". Some apply themselves, with great diligence and industry, to the study of the liberal arts and sciences; and to attain the knowledge of languages; and to writing books, for the improvement of those things, and the good of mankind: and others employ themselves in mechanic arts, and excel in them, and bring their works to great perfection and accuracy; when they might expect to be praised and commended, and have thanks given them by men. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/ecclesiastes-4.html. But instead thereof, so it is. Based Ecc. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". BibliographyWesley, John. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". II. כשרון is employed in the sense of "skill, ability," here also.—That this is the envy of a man from his neighbour:—the end of the whole matter is that a man is envied by his neighbour; Vulgate, "eum patere invidae proximi." "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. This also is vanity and a striving after wind. 4. This too is meaningless, a chasing after the wind. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit. BibliographyBenson, Joseph. {See Trapp on "Proverbs 27:4"}. In the latter signification, namely, "advantage, gain," it occurs in Ecclesiastes 5:10; in the former we find it used in Ecclesiastes 2:21, in conjunction with wisdom and knowledge: "a man whose work is in. "Expositor's Bible Commentary". Ecclésiaste 4.4. Used by Permission. 4:8 used in Eccl. Ecclésiaste 4:4 J'ai vu aussi que tout travail et toute habileté dans le travail n'est que jalousie de l'un à l'égard de l'autre. 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